Lehigh Valley Planning Commission
Other Reports and Studies
Limited English Proficiency - 2016
The Lehigh Valley Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) developed a Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Plan covering Lehigh and Northampton counties. The plan identifi es Limited English Proficient populations by geographic location and by language spoken. A person is considered Limited English Proficient if they do not speak English as their primary language and have a limited ability to read, speak, write or understand English. Federal legislation on Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Executive Order 13166 “Improving Access to Services for Persons with Limited English Proficiency” and the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Policy Guidance Concerning Recipients’ Responsibilities to Limited English Proficiency Persons are addressed.
Street Connectivity - Improving the Function and Performance of Your Local Streets
Connectivity is an analysis of the number and variety of connections serving origins such as residential neighborhoods and destinations like schools and shopping areas. Connectivity relates to the number of intersections along a segment of streets and how the entire area is connected to the system. Good street connectivity means providing a variety of ways to get from Point A to B, from using the car to walking. The recommendations in this report are geared toward improving the efficiency of mobility (i.e. ease of movement) and accessibility (i.e. the ability to go from an origin to a desired destination). The benefits of better connectivity go beyond improved mobility and accessibility and can include less traffic congestion, safer streets, municipal cost savings in the provision of services, and reduced need to improve arterial streets.
Transit Oriented Development
Transit Oriented Development, commonly referred to as TOD, has become a much discussed development concept in recent years. Nationwide attention has been focused on TODs as a development concept that can be used to achieve multiple smart growth and sustainable development objectives. TODs have been promoted and built in numerous large metropolitan areas across the country.
The purpose of this report is to introduce the TOD concept to the Lehigh Valley and assess its potential local applicability using rigorous data based analysis. The report assesses the conditions, criteria, and design elements necessary to build TODs that establish an actual connection between transit and development, rather than developments that merely use the term for marketing purposes. The goals and policies contained in the Comprehensive Plan The Lehigh Valley ... 2030 agree with many of the smart growth outcomes that TODs seek to produce.
The report contains a critical assessment of potential Lehigh Valley sites with regard to how each site meets the identified criteria.
LVTS Public Participation Plan
Public involvement is a vital component of the transportation planning process. Providing full disclosure of plans and programs not only during the development phase but also after the adoption of these plans and programs allows the general public the opportunity to be involved, comment on, and influence the development process. Every person, regardless of race, religion, ethnicity, gender, disability, or socio-economic status should have the opportunity to take part in and influence the transportation planning process. This Public Participation Plan provides for and documents the methods utilized by the LVTS to achieve this outcome.
Traffic Operation Studies
Traffic Trends for selected Lehigh Valley locations - March 2014
The Lehigh Valley Planning Commission (LVPC) annually conducts approximately 100 traffic counts throughout Lehigh and Northampton counties under a contract with the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT). Statewide, 8,000 traffic counts are performed annually. The counts are useful in monitoring traffic flows, determining traffic background growth rates, calibrating the regional travel demand forecasting model, projecting future traffic volumes, determining road design, allocating Federal funds, determining priorities for improvement projects, assessing air quality impacts, and maintaining congestion management systems. In addition, commercial realtors and developers utilize the data for marketing properties.
Central New Jersey/Raritan Valley Transit Study - Pennsylvania Component
The Central NJ/Raritan Valley Transit Study (CNJ/RV) - Pennsylvania Component is an extension of the NJ TRANSIT CNJ/RV Transit Study, which assessed commuter bus and commuter rail transit improvement alternatives along Interstate 78 (I-78) in New Jersey. The purpose of the Pennsylvania Component Study was to build upon the New Jersey portion of the study (New Jersey Component Study) by identifying and assessing options to improve rail and bus services along the Route 22 and I-78 corridors in the Lehigh Valley and the northern New Jersey/New York Urban Core (Jersey City, Newark, Midtown Manhattan and Lower Manhattan). The rail and bus options were developed to provide local decision makers information to decide whether they warrant more detailed study and development.
Land Use - Transportation Policy Review
Land Use – Transportation Policy Review is a paper that evaluates the coordination between the Lehigh Valley Planning Commission’s land use and transportation planning. The coordination is examined both as it relates to policy and implementation efforts. Impediments to coordination are identified. The paper includes conclusions and with recommendations about how coordination can be improved.
Traffic Safety Plans + Reports
Safe Driving Saves Lives
The new update to the traffic safety plan highlights trends, goals, high crash study areas, and high crash intersections in the Lehigh Valley. It is created to be used as a resource for municipalities and a plan here at LVPC. The plan highlights significant crash types in the Lehigh Valley and compares them to goals set in Pennsylvania's Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP). It also identifies high priority study areas and intersections from an in-house analysis that will be used as candidates for future projects here at the LVPC. This was created with the use of PennDOT's 2008-2012 crash databases.
This Lehigh Valley Traffic Safety Report includes an analysis of traffic crashes that occurred on the region's roadways from 2006 to 2010. The analysis reviews different crash characteristics (e.g. head-on, run-off-road) and contributing factors (e.g. aggressive driving) and stratifies the data by fatalities and injuries at the municipal and county level. Crash characteristics were analyzed to understand crash causal factors and potential solutions to mitigate crashes. This report identifies safety deficiencies on the roadway network by locating severe and high frequency crash corridors and provides some general recommendations to reduce crashes in the region. This analysis will be used to help select appropriate safety projects to be programmed on the Transportation Improvement Program and Long Range Plan.
The goal for creating this summary report is to provide a general analysis of pedestrian-bike/ motorist crashes that occurred in the Lehigh Valley and to make some general recommendations to mitigate crashes. Also, this report will hopefully increase public awareness of pedestrian-bike safety issues in the Lehigh Valley. The report does not include information on ordinances or other regulations that would be used to implement policies for improving pedestrian-bike safety.
Route 248 Safety Study
Route 222 - Route 863 - Schantz Road Safety Study
22 Tomorrow: A Corridor Planning Study- US Route 22
22/Tomorrow is the successor to 22/Renew, which was Pennsylvania Department of Transportation’s (PennDOT) successful reconstruction of sections of U.S. Route 22, completed in November 1999. 22/Tomorrow will plan and design traffic solutions for the year 2020. Funds have been budgeted to determine needs, study alternatives, evaluate environmental implications, and do preliminary design for measures that will provide congestion relief and improve safety in the future. The U.S. Route 22 Needs Report is complete. This follow-up report documents the study scenarios and identifies potentially impacted environmental resources.
Click on the links below to access the various sections of this report.
Pages 1-2 - Background, Map 1 (Route 22 Study Corridor Limits)
Pages 3-7 - Map 2 (Route 22 Study Area Boundary), Scenario Development process
Page 8 - Table 1 (The Concept of Level of Service)
Page 9-10 - Table 2 (Project Needs & Evaluation Criteria), Table 3 (U.S. Route 22 Corridor Planning Study - Scenario Descriptions)
Page 11 - Map 3 (General Land Use Plan)
Pages 12-13 - Scenario 003 (Transpiration Improvement Program (TIP) Base (No-Build) Scenario)
Pages 14-17 - Scenario A01 (Widen U.S. Route 22 to 8 Lanes and Interchange Improvements)
Pages 18-21 - Scenario A02 (Optimize Widening of U.S. Route 22 from Cedar Crest Blvd. to Route 33 to 6 and 8 Lanes and Interchange Improvements)
Pages 22-25 - Scenario A03 (Optimize Widening of U.S. Route 22 from I-78/U.S. Route 22 to Route 33 to 6 and 8 Lanes and Interchange Improvements)
Pages 26-29 - Scenario A10 (Widen U.S. Route 22 to 6 Lanes and Interchange Improvements)
Pages 30-33 - Scenario A12 (Widen U.S. Route 22 to 6 Lanes, Interchange Improvements and Remove Interchange at U.S. Route 22 and Fullerton Ave.)
Pages 34-37 - Scenario A15 (Interchange Improvements from I-78/U.S. Route 22 to State Route 33)
Pages 38-41 - Scenario B01 (Northern Bypass)
Pages 42-45 - Scenario B02 (In-Town Bypass)
Pages 46-49 - Scenario C01 (Widen I-78 to 6 Lanes)
Pages 50-53 - Scenario D01 (Light Rail, Feeder Bus Routes, and Increase Frequency of Existing Bus Service)
Pages 54-57 - Scenario D08 (Express Bus Service and Increase Frequency of Existing Bus Service)
Pages 58-61 - Scenario E02 (Travel Demand Management (TDM) Incentives)
Pages 62-65 - Scenario F02 (Widen U.S. Route 22 to 6 Lanes and Interchange Improvements, Widen I-78 to 6 Lanes and Interchange at I-78/PA 378 & Widen S. 4th Street)
Pages 66-69 - Scenario F05 (Interchange Improvements on U.S. Route 22; Widen S. 4th Street and Extend American Parkway to PA 378; Widen Cedar Crest Blvd., Airport Road, Route 512, Route 191; Build In-Town Bypass and Add Interchange at I-78/PA 378)
Pages 70-73 - Scenario F08 (Non-Road Construction Combination Improvements: Travel Demand Management, Modified Land Use and Light Rail Transit)
Pages 74-80 - Environmental Overview, Table 4 (Potentially Impacted Environmental Resources)
Pages 81-82 - Map 4 (Existing Land Use)
Pages 83-84 - Map 5 (Floodplains and Wetlands)
Pages 85-86 - Map 6 (Lehigh and Northampton County Municipal Zoning)
Pages 87-88 - Map 7 (Historic Sites and Parks)
Pages 89-90 - Conclusions and Recommendations, Table 5 (Evaluation of Project Needs by Scenario for the year 2020)
Pages 91-92 - Chart 1 (U.S. Route 22 Comparison of Level of Service by Scenario)
Pages A1-A4 - Appendix A pages 1-4
Pages A5-A6 - Appendix A pages 5-6
Pages B1-B4 - Appendix B
Access Management on Arterial Roads
Access Management on Arterial Roads explores how we can create a better transportation network through planning, coordination and design. Access management is a means of preserving capacity and improving safety on those roads that carry through traffic by regulating access points and driveways. The report illustrates that numerous best management practices are available to implement access management. They deal with access from alternate roads, lotting and site development, driveway location and design, and arterial road design. These practices can be implemented through zoning ordinance and subdivision and land development ordinance provisions. They can also implement the recommendations of plans like corridor studies and neighborhood circulation/access plans. Actions for improving access management are spelled out in a series of recommendations in the report.
LVTS Project Selection Criteria
This paper documents the process utilized by the Lehigh Valley Transportation Study (LVTS) for selecting projects for inclusion into the Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) and Lehigh Valley Surface Transportation Plan 2007 – 2030
Lehigh Valley Freight Study - 2007, released August 2007
Rail freight is an essential component of the Lehigh Valley and national goods movement network. Our economy depends on rail freight services. Other benefits of freight rail are: 1) the reduction of truck travel, which reduces congestion and lowers highway infrastructure costs, 2) the role of rail as a critical link in the intermodal logistics network, 3) the improvement of air quality and fuel efficiency, 4) movements related to the military and national defense, and 5) the provision of transportation system redundancy during national emergencies.
Environmental Justice Report - 2008
The Environmental Justice Report — 2008 identifies the distribution of highway, bridge, transit, and transportation enhancement projects relative to low-income and minority populations. It documents the various plans and programs of the Metropolitan Planning Organization are consistent with various executive orders, statutes, and federal requirements and that they contain a fair and equitable mix of transportation projects.